The priests told the people when to plant, when to harvest, when to marry, who to marry, when to make a personal sacrifice, how to behave, and when to go to war. The priests were incredibly powerful. Festivals were held every 20 days in each Maya city, to honor the many Maya gods.
However, despite being sympathetic to the Mayan people, Landa abhorred their religious practices. To the devote Christian that Landa was, the Mayan religion with its icons and the Mayan texts written in hieroglyphics appeared like the work of the devil. He ordered all Mayan idols be destroyed and all Mayan books be burned.
The passage to which reference is made is the parable of the good Samaritan. In short, all priests are Levites, being selected from the tribe of Levi, but not all Levites are priests. Those Levites who were not priests were assigned duties connected with the tabernacle (Numbers 3-4).
Mesopotamian Priests and priestesses had many duties and responsibilities, and in exchange they received respect, honor and creature comforts. Each city was organized around the god’s temple, which was a complex of buildings including the temple proper, chambers for the Mesopotamian priests and priestesses, workshops and public areas.
Maya Civilization The ancient Maya civilization occupied the eastern third of Mesoamerica, primarily the Yucatan Peninsula. The topography of the area greatly varied from volcanic mountains, which comprised the highlands in the South, to a porous limestone shelf, known as the Lowlands, in the central and northern regions.
Each city in the Maya Empire was ruled by a different noble family. Nobles claimed they were the descendants of the Hero Twins. That gave them the right to rule. Nobles did not appear in public without one of their slaves holding a cloth in front of their face. No common person could speak to a noble.
Ancient Mayan Jobs-Priest. Maya priests were also the rulers of cities. Every day they would perform services after climbing the hundreds of temple steps. Maya priests might have caused the collapse of the Maya when the lesser Mayas (farmers) got tired of having to obey the commands of the priests and abandoned the cities.
However, their duties and responsibilities differed from those performed by men. Mayan women took care of the household chores like preparing food, bringing water and getting firewood. The job of men was to produce food through the means of agriculture and the women were supposed to process this into edible food for the family.